The health benefits of green spaces

노영례기자 0 478 2019.05.17 11:31

ce245c5bdcca8e95943d18403e381aa6_1558049
 

An increasing body of evidence suggests that a closer connection to nature is good for our heads, our hearts and our lungs. But as Auckland grows, our precious green spaces and trees are increasingly under threat. In the first part of a three-part series for OurAuckland, Elly Strang looks at the many benefits green spaces bring to the health of our people and our city.

 

Humans have long believed that being in or around nature has healing properties. But the idea was previously more intuitive than evidential – a warm glow rather than hard science. Now, with large-scale public-health problems such as obesity and depression being linked to a rise in technology, a disconnect from the outdoors and more time spent inside, researchers are showing renewed interest in the topic, and studies from around the world are finding that those who live close to green spaces enjoy positive impacts on both their physical and mental wellbeing.

The science behind green wellbeing

A new Danish study has found that when children grow up with green space around them, they have 55 per cent less risk of developing a range of mental-health problems later in life. 

Researchers from Aarhus University found that the more greenery a person is exposed to up to the age of 10, the lower the risk of 16 mental disorders, including anxiety and depression, even when controlling for factors such as socio-economics and urbanisation.

“Our findings affirm that integrating natural environments into urban planning is a promising approach to improve mental health and reduce the rising global burden of psychiatric disorders,” the study’s authors say.

Closer to home, a team led by University of Canterbury professor Simon Kingham has studied the effects of public and private green spaces on physical health. The research analysed the activities of 12,500 New Zealanders, including 2500 Aucklanders, and found they were less likely to be overweight or suffer from obesity if they lived close to a park.

“Globally, nearly every study I’ve read says the more green space you’ve got near where you live, the better your health is,” Kingham says. “Park creation and planting in existing public spaces may serve as low-cost disease prevention options.”

In its 10-year budget released last year, Auckland Council boosted funding for parks, open spaces and community facilities to $3.7 billion, with $1.4 billion set aside for acquiring and developing public open spaces and parks. This was ahead of infrastructure as the single biggest increase within the budget.

Green space1

Improving equity of access to green space

Kingham says another finding of his team’s study was that people in lower socioeconomic areas tended to have less access to good-quality green spaces. “All green space is not the same.”

This is why Auckland Council’s Urban Ngahere (Forest) Strategy is vital to the health of the city. It aims to address the unequal distribution of trees across the region and increase the benefits of a green city for all.

Find out more about the Urban Ngahere Strategy

It also aims to undo some of the damage done by urbanisation, rising inequality and climate change. The plan is to increase Auckland’s average tree-canopy cover from 18 to 30 per cent, while targeting areas where cover is scarce, such as parts of south Auckland, so that all local board areas have at least 15 per cent cover.

Councillor Penny Hulse, chair of the council’s Environment and Community Committee, says Auckland’s rapid urban growth has swallowed up native bush and open spaces.

“It hasn’t always been the norm to replant trees in areas that have been developed since the 1980s,” she says. “With higher-density housing we’ve lost a lot of urban trees, as people haven’t always valued them as much as they should.”

Hulse says so-called “leafy suburbs” have fantastic tree cover, but the urban canopy is not evenly distributed across Auckland. In some neighbourhoods, streetscape planting – where trees are planted along the roadside – is also lacking.

“The amalgamation of Auckland’s former councils means we get to look across the whole region to see where those gaps are,” she says. “Among the lowest on the canopy cover statistics are places like Ōtara and Papatoetoe. We’d like to make them as leafy as the suburbs in Waitematā, not just because it’s beautiful, but because it’s better for communities.”

'Knowing, growing and protecting'

The Urban Ngahere Strategy is underpinned by a three-pillar framework: knowing, growing and protecting. This involves tracking the size, health, condition and distribution of trees around Auckland and increasing the number to boost the benefits and address inequity, while also protecting existing trees.

Hulse says local boards are organising planting in areas that have been degraded, and Mayor Phil Goff’s Million Trees programme is a great example of a planting project making big strides. Under the scheme, 648,000 trees were planted around Auckland in the first two planting seasons, and the millionth tree is being planted in Tōtara Park on 14 June. Auckland Council collaborates with a range of groups on the plantings, from schools, to community groups, to prison inmates.

“We’re getting huge numbers of volunteers for planting,” Goff says. “They’re not as fast as the professionals we use, but they’re there and ready. It’s all about what you want to leave as a legacy. I went and planted 50 native trees, and I’m going to take my grandkids back there and show them the trees when they’re 30, 40, 50 metres high. People get a thrill out of that and know we’re undoing some of the damage done; they see it as a way they can make a difference.”

Green spaces 3

Hulse says planting more trees now is crucial to combat growing inequity as the climate gets warmer.

“Climate change is talked about as an inequity magnifier. In other words, the people most vulnerable to climate change are those at the challenging end of the social scale, and if you look at where the least tree cover is, it’s the vulnerable areas. Internationally, it’s been shown that communities who live in areas where there are lots of trees are able to adapt to warmth more easily, so let’s address those two things together.” 

 

출처 : Auckland Council News

  • 페이스북으로 보내기
  • 트위터로 보내기
  • 구글플러스로 보내기
  • 카카오스토리로 보내기
  • 네이버밴드로 보내기

Comments

 플러스 광고

Pin cargo limited
해운운송, 항공운송, 통관, 수입운송, 수출운송 T. 09-257-1199
MIK - 화장품 전문 쇼핑몰
mik,buymik,화장품,한국,라네즈,설화수,헤라,이니스프리,마몽드,잇츠스킨,후,마스크팩,믹,바이믹 T. 097777110
(주)뉴질랜드 에이투지
뉴질랜드 법인 현지 여행사 / 남,북섬 전문 여행사 - 패키지여행, 자유여행, 해외여행 / 진짜 열심히 일하는 사람들이 모인 회사!! T. 09 309 3030 T. 09 309 3030

Pescara Point bridge work to begin this month

댓글 0 | 조회 42 | 19시간전
Path will link communities​Heavy lifting work will take place on the Southern Motorway this month as… 더보기

Finalists announced for Most Beautiful Towns …

댓글 0 | 조회 101 | 2019.08.14
Keep New Zealand Beautiful have announced the finalists for the Most Beautiful Towns and Most Beauti… 더보기

National 2020 candidate selection process beg…

댓글 0 | 조회 149 | 2019.08.12
The National Party is today kicking off our nationwide candidate selection process in preparation fo… 더보기

Safety improvements planned for roads in Alba…

댓글 0 | 조회 168 | 2019.08.11
A long-awaited roadwork project in Albany has been given the go-ahead.Property negotiations have bee… 더보기

Auckland students compete for SUSO glory

댓글 0 | 조회 178 | 2019.08.09
Future stars are shining brightly. More than 1000 secondary school students have come from far and w… 더보기

Solar lights to improve Tarnica Park

댓글 0 | 조회 110 | 2019.08.08
Solar lighting will be tried at Tarnica Park to combat anti-social behaviour.Residents say unruly te… 더보기

New Māori and Indian street names in Puketāpa…

댓글 0 | 조회 101 | 2019.08.07
Three new roads in Hillsborough have been newly created due to a subdivision development.Puketāpapa … 더보기

Franklin environment gets helping hand from t…

댓글 0 | 조회 78 | 2019.08.06
▲Targeted rates have enabled work on detecting illegal connections to water networks to be speeded u… 더보기

Off-road pathways needed to link North-Waikat…

댓글 0 | 조회 152 | 2019.08.06
A new report has called for a network of off-road tracks and trails connecting the North Waikato tow… 더보기

Helping Auckland businesses to meet food lice…

댓글 0 | 조회 257 | 2019.08.04
In 2014, new legislation relating to the Food Act was passed by the Ministry for Primary Industries … 더보기

Know where your dogs are this lambing season

댓글 0 | 조회 110 | 2019.08.02
Dog owners are being reminded to be extra vigilant during lambing and calving season, as the risk of… 더보기

Community events get support from Waitemata L…

댓글 0 | 조회 132 | 2019.07.30
The Franklin Road Christmas Lights, the Farmers Santa Parade and Auckland International Buskers Fest… 더보기

Council adopts changes to dog management

댓글 0 | 조회 176 | 2019.07.27
Auckland Council’s Governing Body today adopted changes to the council’s Policy on Dogs and related … 더보기

Future Auckland: It's time for climate action

댓글 0 | 조회 180 | 2019.07.24
Sustainability Champion John Mauro gives his thoughts on Auckland’s futureClimate change has been de… 더보기

Nominations open for 2019 Auckland elections

댓글 0 | 조회 196 | 2019.07.19
Aucklanders from all walks of life are being encouraged to stand in this year’s local election.The n… 더보기

Apply for funding for your environmental proj…

댓글 0 | 조회 227 | 2019.07.18
Itching to get your green thumbs grubby? Have a passion for Auckland’s environment?Applications for … 더보기

Parks, arts and community prioritised by Wait…

댓글 0 | 조회 131 | 2019.07.16
Parks, places, arts and community have been prioritised by Waitematā Local Board for 2019/20.The loc… 더보기

Applications open for Women4Climate mentorshi…

댓글 0 | 조회 472 | 2019.07.13
Applications for the C40 Cities Women4Climate Auckland Mentorship Programme 2019 are open from now u… 더보기

Call for entries to 2019 Mayoral Conservation…

댓글 0 | 조회 147 | 2019.07.11
Do you know heroes who go above and beyond to protect our environment?Or are you involved in such he… 더보기

Time to celebrate Tāmaki Makaurau’s Zero Wast…

댓글 0 | 조회 106 | 2019.07.10
Nominate an Aucklander now for the 2019 zero waste community awardsKnow someone who has been working… 더보기

New vehicle tax leaves poor on the scrapheap

댓글 0 | 조회 206 | 2019.07.10
The proposed penalty on ‘gas guzzling’ vehicles is a painful, regressive tax, says the New Zealand T… 더보기

Te reo Māori arriving on Auckland’s Link serv…

댓글 0 | 조회 142 | 2019.07.09
Link buses with te reo Māori audio announcements will begin service this week, a first in New Zealan… 더보기

Measles case on Bali to Auckland flight

댓글 0 | 조회 160 | 2019.07.09
Auckland Regional Public Health Service (ARPHS) has been notified of a case of measles in a New Zeal… 더보기

Investing in Henderson-Massey in 2019/20

댓글 0 | 조회 317 | 2019.07.08
Henderson-Massey Local Board has agreed its 2019/20 work programme which sets out its investment ove… 더보기

Where's NZ's busiest property market ?

댓글 0 | 조회 428 | 2019.07.05
At about 85,000 on an annual basis, the number of residential property sales across NZ is currently … 더보기

Auckland Mayor thrilled at Te Auaunga transfo…

댓글 0 | 조회 193 | 2019.07.03
Auckland Mayor Phil Goff says it’s fantastic the Te Auaunga/Oakley Creek restoration has been delive… 더보기

Mixed results across the regions as foreign b…

댓글 0 | 조회 282 | 2019.07.03
Property values in NZ further moderated in June with the annual rate of change decreasing from 2.3% … 더보기

Enhancement of Karangahape Road to begin in J…

댓글 0 | 조회 396 | 2019.07.01
Enhancement of Karangahape Road begins next monthThe much-anticipated enhancements to Auckland’s ico… 더보기

Property records broken across the country

댓글 0 | 조회 545 | 2019.07.01
Real-time statistics from realestate.co.nz show June as a month of highs and lows right across the c… 더보기

No single-use plastic shopping bags from 1 Ju…

댓글 0 | 조회 231 | 2019.06.28
Make sure you pack a reusable bag when leaving home to avoid being caught bagless as the ban on sing… 더보기

Panuku plan to unlock Pukekohe's potential

댓글 0 | 조회 230 | 2019.06.24
A plan to regenerate Pukekohe’s town centre has been approved.Panuku Development Auckland’s strategy… 더보기

Have your say on an updated Auckland Film Pro…

댓글 0 | 조회 230 | 2019.06.23
Auckland Council is asking Aucklanders what they think of a refresh to the Auckland Film Protocol.Th… 더보기

Council action on Titirangi chickens and rats

댓글 0 | 조회 361 | 2019.06.21
Auckland Council will put measures in place deal with the wild chicken and rat population in Titiran… 더보기

Ten property market predictions for the rest …

댓글 0 | 조회 397 | 2019.06.21
It’s been a really interesting and eventful year so far for the residential propertymarket. Now that… 더보기

Franklin Local Board adopts Māori Responsiven…

댓글 0 | 조회 156 | 2019.06.18
Franklin Local Board has adopted a Māori Responsiveness Action Plan.The plan, developed after detail… 더보기

CoreLogic NZ - Mapping the Market Report June…

댓글 0 | 조회 198 | 2019.06.18
CoreLogic NZ’s latest ‘Mapping the Market’ (June 2019) reporthas just been released, using location … 더보기

Boy Walking arrives in Potters Park

댓글 0 | 조회 354 | 2019.06.17
A new 5.6-metre-high hyper-realist sculpture, designed by internationally renowned New Zealand-born … 더보기

Transforming Auckland Public Transport – June…

댓글 0 | 조회 438 | 2019.06.16
Mark Lambert; Executive General Manager, Auckland Transport, updates OurAuckland on the region's pub… 더보기

Auckland Council declares climate emergency

댓글 0 | 조회 495 | 2019.06.12
“By unanimously voting to declare a climate emergency we are signalling the council’s intention to p… 더보기

Speed reduction the best tool to save lives

댓글 0 | 조회 324 | 2019.06.10
Dr Fergus Tate, Technical Director – Transport at WSP Opus and former Lead Safety Advisor for Roads … 더보기

CoreLogic QV May House Price Index: Nothing w…

댓글 0 | 조회 524 | 2019.06.06
The CoreLogic QV House Price Index showed that NZ average property values were flat in May and up by… 더보기

Together, we’re making gains for our green sp…

댓글 1 | 조회 348 | 2019.06.04
When Auckland Council and the community work together on improving our environment, you can see the … 더보기

What's in a name?

댓글 0 | 조회 388 | 2019.06.03
Programme brings Māori names and narratives to Auckland's parks and places​Across the region, a move… 더보기

Success for Great Barrier's solar power syste…

댓글 0 | 조회 351 | 2019.05.30
Great Barrier Local Board’s solar power system has exceeded many expectations in the two months sinc… 더보기

National reveals Budget details

댓글 0 | 조회 314 | 2019.05.28
National can reveal key details from the Government's so called 'Wellbeing Budget' ahead of its rele… 더보기

NZTA releases plans for Auckland Harbour Brid…

댓글 0 | 조회 767 | 2019.05.27
New design offers certainty for walking and cycling across Waitematā HarbourThe NZ Transport Agency … 더보기

Outward Bound 'Ka Mahi' scholarships availabl…

댓글 0 | 조회 390 | 2019.05.24
Don’t miss this opportunity to attend Outward Bound with a Ka Mahi scholarship, which provides up to… 더보기

Treasure trove of New Zealand’s maritime hist…

댓글 0 | 조회 375 | 2019.05.23
A new exhibition at the New Zealand Maritime Museum celebrates the man behind the historic Fosters s… 더보기

Firefighters smash records for charity

댓글 0 | 조회 412 | 2019.05.22
Firefighters have fundraised a recording breaking $1,307,637.02 for Leukaemia & Blood Cancer New… 더보기

FAQ about insulation standards for landlords

댓글 0 | 조회 736 | 2019.05.19
If you own a rental property, make a note in your diary for 1 July 2019. According to the Residentia… 더보기