COVID-19 deaths analysis shows importance of vaccines in saving lives

COVID-19 deaths analysis shows importance of vaccines in saving lives

0 개 570 노영례


An analysis of deaths from COVID-19 in New Zealand shows being up to date with your vaccines is the single best way to reduce the risk of dying from COVID-19. 

Public Health Agency Deputy Director-General Dr Andrew Old says thanks to lower levels of community transmission early in the pandemic and high vaccination rates, New Zealand has had a lower rate of deaths from COVID-19 since the start of the pandemic compared to many countries.

Most people that test positive for COVID-19 will experience a mild to moderate illness and be able to self-care at home before making a full recovery.  

‘But sadly, despite that, more than 2000 people have died from COVID-19, either as an underlying or contributing cause, and we remain committed to ensuring those most at risk of death from COVID-19 are prioritised in our response.’ 

As part of this, Te Manatū Hauora Ministry of Health has examined COVID-19 attributed deaths to better identify greatest risk factors for COVID-19 and help establish how these risks can be reduced.

This analysis is available on the Ministry’s website at COVID-19 Mortality in Aotearoa New Zealand: Inequities in Risk.

The analysis examined 1,797 COVID-19 deaths between 1 January and 26 August 2022, which had been attributed to COVID-19. This included 1,458 people of European or Other ethnicity, 158 Māori, 111 Pacific people, and 60 people of Asian ethnicity. 

It supports that, as well as age being a strong risk for death from COVID-19, there is excess risk for Māori and Pacific Peoples, people who are unvaccinated, those in higher deprivation and those with pre-existing health conditions. 


The analysis found:

  • Age is the single biggest determinant in the risk of death from COVID-19. 
  • Vaccination is one of the most effective steps people can take to reduce their risk of death from COVID-19. The analysis shows a 62% reduction in the risk of death from COVID-19 among people who had two or more doses compared to those who had received one dose or no doses. There is evidence that boosters further reduce the risk of death from COVID-19, and this will be the subject of future study. 
  • There was an increased risk of death from COVID-19 for Māori and Pacific People, who were respectively at 2.0 and 2.5 times greater risk compared to the European or Other group. While the risks of death were much lower for all groups under-60 than for older age groups, the inequity for Māori and Pacific people was more pronounced among under-60s, with the risk of death 3.7 and 2.9 times higher respectively. Of the 78 people under-60 who died from COVID-19, 35 were European and Other, 24 were Māori, 13 were Pacific People, and six were Asian people. 
  • There is increased risk for those in socio-economically deprived groups, with the most deprived 20% of New Zealanders having three times the risk when compared to the least deprived 20%. 429 COVID attributed deaths were people among the most deprived 20% of New Zealanders and 153 were people among the least deprived 20% of New Zealanders.
  • Having one or more pre-existing health condition was also a substantial factor in an increased mortality risk., especially for people under 60, associated with a 6.3 higher risk of death from COVID-19 compared to someone with no pre-existing health conditions. The analysis showed that of the 78 people under-60 whose deaths were attributed to COVID-19, 72 had a pre-existing health condition. 

‘This analysis shows that being up to date with your vaccinations not only helps protect yourself and your loved ones from severe disease, but it could save your life.’ 

However, it also shows the burden of COVID-19 has fallen unevenly across New Zealand. 

Some of this excess risk for Māori and Pacific people can be explained by higher rates of socio-economic deprivation, pre-existing conditions, and lower vaccination rates. Inequities in vaccination rates alone accounted for around a quarter of the excess risk for Māori and Pacific peoples. However, even controlling for these factors, the analysis shows Māori and Pacific people are still at a significant higher risk of death from COVID-19. 

‘Unfortunately, this does reflect broader long standing health inequities for Māori and Pacific, with poorer health access and outcomes across many measures. It is also similar to COVID-19 experience in many countries, including Australia, the United States and United Kingdom, where already vulnerable communities have been disproportionately impacted by COVID-19.’ 

‘These findings are not unexpected and our COVID-19 response throughout has been informed by understanding that the communities with the poorest health are also the most at risk from COVID-19.

Protecting Māori and Pacific people is an integral part of the ongoing COVID-19 response. The Ministry has always taken a collaborative and comprehensive approach, engaging at multiple levels to support Māori and Pacific communities stay safe. We continue to do this because we recognise the ongoing, intergenerational and inequitable vulnerability of these communities.

Te Manatū Hauora, Te Whatu Ora, and Te Aka Whai Ora will continue to engage with Māori through the National Iwi Chairs Forum, Māori health providers, community groups, and other organisations to inform the overall COVID-19 response, and ensure it promotes equitable outcomes for Māori.  

Steps being taken to better protect vulnerable groups as part of the COVID-19 response include: 

  • Health districts and Māori and Pacific providers are providing tailored outreach services, such as provision of after-hours, weekend services and increased number of vaccination sites, such as pharmacies, and pop-up clinics in community locations including marae and places of worship. 
  • The delivery of multiple vaccines at diverse vaccination sites is happening through a whānau-centred approach in partnership with health districts, Māori, and Pacific health providers.  
  • The vaccinator workforce is being expanded to build localised and culturally competent capacity to administer vaccines to people aged 5 and up. This will support relationship building at the local level and removes barriers for whanau accessing services. 
  • The Government has recently expanded access at a lower age of antiviral medicines and Pharmac has secured agreements to purchase 40,000 more antiviral medicine courses. Anyone over 65, Māori and Pacific people over 50, or anyone who meets Pharmac’s requirements, can now access these treatments in the early stages after contracting the virus.
  • There is work underway by all three health agencies – Manatū Hauora, Te Whatu Ora, and Te Aka Whai Ora – to encourage more eligible Māori and Pacific people to get their first booster.  
  • We are continuing with our targeted support to 10 communities around the country where vaccination rates are comparatively low. 


Is this the beginning of the end for the NZ h…

댓글 0 | 조회 914 | 2023.04.20
The stabilisation of mortgage rates is one of several market indicators signalling a possible end to the country’s extended property downturn, despite… 더보기

Cost to build shows signs of slowing as const…

댓글 0 | 조회 677 | 2023.04.13
It’s getting more expensive to build a house in New Zealand, but the pace of growth has started to ease for the first time in more than two years.The … 더보기

Downturn deepens as Official Cash Rate rises …

댓글 0 | 조회 583 | 2023.04.12
The residential property downturn appears to be gaining momentum once more, with home values making their largest first-quarter fall in more than 15 y… 더보기

Reserve Bank still taking a tough inflationar…

댓글 0 | 조회 786 | 2023.04.05
Commentary by CoreLogic NZ Chief Property Economist, Kelvin DavidsonToday’s 0.5% increase to the official cash rate (OCR) was larger than many comment… 더보기

Four million milestone reached for 2023 Censu…

댓글 0 | 조회 551 | 2023.03.31
Over four million people have returned their Individual Forms for the 2023 Census, Stats NZ said today."This is a great milestone. We didn't hit this … 더보기

Five things to know about the ‘refinancing wa…

댓글 0 | 조회 902 | 2023.03.27
By CoreLogic NZ Chief Property Economist Kelvin DavidsonThe steady flow of existing mortgage borrowers across NZ who have had to stomach higher intere… 더보기

Students tackling climate change

댓글 0 | 조회 707 | 2023.03.25
A group of Auckland schools are coming up with strategies to help tackle climate change, reduce carbon emissions, and create a more sustainable future… 더보기

NZ has the second cheapest internet in Oceani…

댓글 0 | 조회 796 | 2023.03.16
New research on global broadband pricing found New Caledonia (USD 32.49, 72nd place globally) to have the cheapest broadband in the O… 더보기

The NZ homeowners hit hardest by the property…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,429 | 2023.03.13
Homeowners in some of New Zealand’s wealthiest suburbs are feeling the pain from the property market downturn, with estimated median values falling by… 더보기

Asian parents more concerned about kid’s devi…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,137 | 2023.03.09
With news about TikTok's time limit and the negative impacts of screen use playing on many people's minds, I'm getting in touch with some confronting … 더보기

Joint home ownership on the rise as affordabi…

댓글 0 | 조회 823 | 2023.03.07
Women in New Zealand and Australia continue to trail men in the home ownership stakes amid crippling interest rate rises and falling home values.CoreL… 더보기

Insurers: Buyers Beware Of Flood Damaged Vehi…

댓글 0 | 조회 875 | 2023.02.24
Insurers are urging buyers to look for signs of water damage and to checkWaka Kotahi’s written off vehicle registerwhen buying a vehicle so they can m… 더보기

Te Matatini Herenga Waka Herenga Tangata Fest…

댓글 0 | 조회 626 | 2023.02.23
Te Matatini is the biggest kapa haka festival in the Māori calendar, held over four days at Ngā Ana Wai Eden Park.This is one of the most highly antic… 더보기

Interest rate hikes wipe out housing affordab…

댓글 0 | 조회 868 | 2023.02.22
Housing has become more affordable on some measures, but due to continued rate rises, mortgage repayments are still eating up a big chunk of people’s … 더보기

Deaths increase by ten percent in 2022

댓글 0 | 조회 687 | 2023.02.20
The number of deaths in New Zealand rose to 38,574 in 2022, Stats NZ said today.This was a 10 percent increase in the number of registered deaths comp… 더보기

More homes selling at a loss as interest rate…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,191 | 2023.02.17
More people are losing money on the resale of their properties than they have been at any time in the past three years.The latestCoreLogic NZ Q4 Pain … 더보기

Clearer picture emerging of housing damage

댓글 0 | 조회 871 | 2023.02.10
Repair options are being assessed for the now 543 public houses damaged in the Auckland floods.Deputy Chief Executive for Auckland and Northland Carol… 더보기

Opinion: We may not see a property investor c…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,047 | 2023.02.09
By CoreLogic NZ Chief Property Economist Kelvin DavidsonThere’s been an increasing number of hurdles placed in front of property investors in the past… 더보기

Big Tech Survey reveals technology uptake in …

댓글 0 | 조회 523 | 2023.02.07
The Auckland Business Chamber’s Big Tech Survey has found that one of the most important tasks for small and medium businesses in 2023 is to stay ahea… 더보기

Business Credit Demand in negative territory …

댓글 0 | 조회 800 | 2023.02.03
Equifax NZ Quarterly Business Credit Demand Index: December 2022- Overall business credit enquiries down -1.7% (vs December 2021 quarter)- Business lo… 더보기

No reprieve for persistent property price fal…

댓글 0 | 조회 807 | 2023.02.01
Aotearoa New Zealand’s housing market downturn continues to roll on, with CoreLogic’s House Price Index recording a 0.3% fall in January, the 10thcons… 더보기

Severe weather impact across the Auckland are…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,910 | 2023.01.29
A state of local emergency has been declared for Auckland due to severe weather causing unprecedented flooding across the region.If life, health or pr… 더보기

Storm event updates: Sunday 29 January

댓글 0 | 조회 1,582 | 2023.01.29
Heavy rain watch for todayWe currently have a Heavy Rain Watch in place from this morning through until 6am Monday. This may be revised later today (S… 더보기

Home lending demand down across all regions f…

댓글 0 | 조회 722 | 2023.01.23
Equifax NZ Quarterly Consumer Credit Demand Index: December Quarter 2022● Overall consumer credit demand reduced by -7.7 % (vs December qtr 2021).● Mo… 더보기

SNAP POLL: Hipkins clear voter favourite for …

댓글 0 | 조회 662 | 2023.01.21
SNAP POLL: Hipkins clear voter favourite for Labour Party leadership raceFollowing Thursday’s surprise announcement by Jacinda Ardern that she will be… 더보기

Are double-digit construction price rises fin…

댓글 0 | 조회 555 | 2023.01.16
The average cost of building a home in New Zealand’s main centres increased by 11.3% last year, but the good news is that the rising cost of construct… 더보기

New Zealand LVRs not likely to be loosened th…

댓글 0 | 조회 680 | 2023.01.16
Early this year I was quotedin an articlethat explored how the country’s housing market might change if the current ‘artificial’ restrictions were tak… 더보기

Mapping the Market plots a testing year for N…

댓글 0 | 조회 636 | 2022.12.20
Aotearoa’s lifestyle and more affordable housing markets are among only a handful of suburbs to have defied the national property market downturn, as … 더보기

GDP increases 2.0 percent in the September 20…

댓글 0 | 조회 654 | 2022.12.15
Gross domestic product (GDP) rose by 2.0 percent in the September 2022 quarter, following a revised 1.9 percent rise in the June 2022 quarter, Stats N… 더보기

New Zealand's 2022 property market downturn d…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,362 | 2022.12.15
CoreLogic's annual Best of the Best Report sums up 2022 market performanceThe New Zealand property market has experienced a bigger downturn in propert… 더보기

Asian parents more concerned about prejudice …

댓글 0 | 조회 1,498 | 2022.12.14
● 8 out of 10 parents say their children are impacted by at least one physical or mental health related issue● More than half (54%) of all parents wor… 더보기

Watch those lithium-ion batteries this Christ…

댓글 0 | 조회 619 | 2022.12.13
Christmas shopping is well underway and Fire and Emergency New Zealand is reminding people to be cautious around lithium-ion batteries."These batterie… 더보기

Tough conditions for new investment purchases

댓글 0 | 조회 681 | 2022.12.07
The latest CoreLogic Buyer Classification data shows continued struggles for mortgaged multiple property owners, but arelatively high % share of purch… 더보기

Daily Organics kombucha recalled due to highe…

댓글 0 | 조회 838 | 2022.12.02
New Zealand Food Safety (NZFS) is supporting Daily Organics in its recall of kombucha due to higher-than-permitted alcohol levels.“The issue with Dail… 더보기

These are the best broadband, mobile and ener…

댓글 0 | 조회 731 | 2022.12.02
Last night saw close to 300 senior-level professionals from across New Zealand’s Telecommunication and Energy sectors come together for the NZ Compare… 더보기

High mortgage rates and recession – a bad com…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,737 | 2022.11.28
The Reserve Bank of NZ (RBNZ)'s final Monetary Policy Statement (MPS) for 2022 took us all by surprise – not by virtue of actually raising the officia… 더보기

One-year fixed mortgage rates of 7% or more o…

댓글 0 | 조회 2,764 | 2022.11.23
Given the evidence that inflation is proving tougher to stamp out than was previously expected, it doesn’t come as much surprise the Reserve Bank of N… 더보기

Gang numbers highest ever recorded

댓글 0 | 조회 629 | 2022.11.22
Alarming new data shows that gang membership in New Zealand has hit its highest level ever recorded, National’s Police spokesperson Mark Mitchell says… 더보기

Resale performance still solid, but weakening…

댓글 0 | 조회 555 | 2022.11.17
The resale performance of residential real estate has continued to deteriorate, as the wider property downturn affects the ability of vendors to sell … 더보기

NZ first home buyers find silver lining amid …

댓글 0 | 조회 799 | 2022.11.09
Despite buying activity among New Zealand first home buyers (FHBs) falling to its lowest level since 2011, market newcomers have shown remarkable resi… 더보기

Almost a third of New Zealand homeowners not …

댓글 0 | 조회 1,306 | 2022.10.27
A new survey commissioned by independent property data and analytics provider CoreLogic NZ is giving detailed insight into Aotearoa’s established prob… 더보기

Health Quality & Safety Commission report int…

댓글 0 | 조회 639 | 2022.10.27
The Health Quality & Safety Commission (the Commission) has today released part 2 of its investigation into the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic o… 더보기

Pams brand sprouts recalled due to possible p…

댓글 0 | 조회 550 | 2022.10.26
Pams brand sprouts recalled due to possible presence of SalmonellaFoodstuffs Own Brands Ltd is recalling its Pams brand Alfalfa Sprouts, Salad Sprouts… 더보기

National will create a Social Investment Fund

댓글 0 | 조회 755 | 2022.10.19
Social investment will be the organising framework for the next National Government’s approach to the funding and delivery of social services, said Na… 더보기

Property downturn deepens, but important diff…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,059 | 2022.10.19
Decade-low sales volumes and fast-falling home values have deepened the housing market decline however some key dissimilarities between the GFC-induce… 더보기

Keep New Zealand Beautiful sets record year f…

댓글 0 | 조회 812 | 2022.10.18
Iconic Kiwi charity Keep New Zealand Beautiful (KNZB) is excited to announce the impact made during Clean Up Week 2022.Clean Up Week, which is New Zea… 더보기

Construction costs continue to rise, but peak…

댓글 0 | 조회 624 | 2022.10.14
CoreLogic NZ’sCordell Construction Cost Index (CCCI)for Q3 2022 showed further acceleration in the rate of indexed growth in national residential cons… 더보기

Omicron subvariant BQ1.1 detected in New Zeal…

댓글 0 | 조회 769 | 2022.10.13
ESR confirmed it has sequenced New Zealand’sfirst case of Omicron subvariant BQ.1.1 in a person who tested positive for COVID-19.BQ1.1 was also detect… 더보기

Girls living in conflict face 20% higher risk…

댓글 0 | 조회 552 | 2022.10.11
Girls affected by conflict are 20% more likely to be married than those living in peaceful areas, according to new analysis from Save the Children rel… 더보기

Ministry of Social Development (MSD) Child Po…

댓글 0 | 조회 597 | 2022.10.07
Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) welcomes the findings in the latest MSD Child Poverty Report showing that material hardship rates for many children … 더보기