COVID-19: Use of face masks in the community

COVID-19: Use of face masks in the community

0 개 365 노영례

Information on the use of face masks in the community for COVID-19 in Alert Levels 1 & 2. 


8ef19dda1d8f79933c0a238069319710_1591409040_946.png

COVID-19, the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, is spread by droplets. When an infected person coughs or sneezes without covering their mouth and nose, droplets containing the virus spread a short distance and can settle on surrounding surfaces. 

COVID-19 is mostly spread following close contact with people who have the virus and have symptoms. You may also get infected if you touch surfaces or objects contaminated with droplets and then touch your mouth, nose or eyes.

Staying home if you’re unwell, maintaining physical distancing and basic hygiene measures remain the most important way to stop the spread of infections, including COVID-19.

Basic hygiene measures include:

  • Hand hygiene – frequently wash your hands for a minimum of 20 seconds, then dry them thoroughly. If you are unable to access soap and water, use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser containing at least 60% alcohol. If using sanitiser, ensure that you use enough to cover your hands and rub hands together until dry.
  • Cough and sneeze etiquette – sneezing or coughing into the crook of your elbow or covering coughs and sneezes with a tissue, then putting the tissue in a bin and cleaning your hands (as above).
  • Avoiding touching your face – hard surfaces can be contaminated with infectious droplets. Hands can be contaminated after contact with these surfaces. If you need to touch your face, clean your hands first.
  • Cleaning surfaces and frequently touched items – clean high-touch surfaces and items (for example door handles and phones) frequently with an appropriate cleaning solution to reduce transmission of germs in general.

General information on face masks and COVID-19

Face masks are one part of Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) measures used in health care settings. They are a type of personal protective equipment (PPE) used to help prevent the spread of infectious diseases. They must meet appropriate standards for use in health care, be worn correctly and in the appropriate context.

Non-medical face masks, including home-made facial coverings or cloth masks, vary greatly in composition and design. They are not required to meet the same safety standards that are used in health care to prevent the spread of diseases.

There is no convincing evidence one way or other to require the use of non-medical face masks for healthy people in the community to protect from COVID-19. There are potential benefits and potential risks with such use. Countries are taking different approaches based on their current COVID-19 context.

Non-medical masks could provide an additional element of protection in preventing someone who is infectious with COVID-19 spreading this infection to others. This is through potentially ‘catching’ large infectious respiratory droplets produced by the wearer, so they do not spread further. This is called ‘source control’.

Non-medical masks are not proven to effectively protect the person wearing them from becoming infected by others. They are therefore not a substitute for physical distancing and basic hygiene measures. Some of the reasons for this include the types of materials used for the masks and how they are worn.


The COVID-19 context in New Zealand at Alert Levels 1 and 2

  • The risk of exposure to COVID-19 for most people is now considered low and manageable by sticking to the core public health actions: staying home if unwell, maintaining physical distancing and basic hygiene measures, including frequent hand washing.
  • Our small number of active COVID-19 cases are restricted to individual households or known clusters and are well controlled; those that are still potentially infectious to others must follow strict isolation requirements until they no longer present a risk.
  • People who have been in close contact with COVID-19 cases are at risk of developing COVID-19. If they do develop COVID-19, they present a small risk of potential transmission to others before they develop any symptoms, as well as if they develop obvious symptoms. To manage this risk, we have strict isolation requirements for those who have been identified as close contacts of COVID-19 cases and may have been exposed to the virus.
  • The highest risk of exposure to COVID-19 outside of health care settings is for those involved in border management of people coming into New Zealand from overseas (including our quarantine and self-isolation facilities). Medical face masks are recommended for use in these situations to help prevent workers from being infected with COVID-19 if they come into contact with someone who is infectious.

Advice on community use of face masks in New Zealand’s current COVID-19 context

Based on the New Zealand context of COVID-19 and the range of control measures we have in place (including staying home if unwell, maintaining physical distancing and basic hygiene), current advice on the use of face masks in the wider community is as follows:

  • Healthy people in the community are not currently required to wear a face mask for protection from COVID-19 in New Zealand. In our current environment, the potential benefits of requiring masks to be worn by all healthy people in the community are not felt to outweigh the potential risks. This may change if we see increasing community transmission in the future.
  • Healthy members of the public may choose to purchase and wear a face mask, or make their own. If you would like to wear one for your own comfort, please ensure you use it safely, as there are risks associated with incorrect use of all types of face masks. See advice about how to use a face mask safely.
  • If you are unwell with new or worsening symptoms of an acute respiratory infection (cough, sore throat, shortness of breath, runny nose or temporary loss of smell, with or without fever), you should stay home and call Healthline on 0800 358 5453 or your health care provider. If you have symptoms consistent with COVID-19 and are advised that you need to be assessed in person, you will be asked by a health care worker to put on a medical face mask to reduce the risk of spreading any infection. They will supply you with one and tell you how to use it correctly.
  • If you have COVID-19 or are a close contact of a COVID-19 case, you will be isolating in your home or another location until you no longer present a risk of potentially spreading COVID-19 to others. You will be provided advice and support on how to safely access urgent care (in the rare circumstance it is needed) to prevent potential spread of infection to others. This may include the use of a medical face mask in certain circumstances. 
     
    Note: for close contacts of COVID-19 cases, this advice includes additional precautions to account for the small risk that they may have developed COVID-19 and are able to pass it on to others while they have few or no symptoms.

This advice on use of face masks in the community will be updated if new evidence or guidance from the World Health Organization emerges, or we see a change in COVID-19 disease patterns in New Zealand (for example, increasing community transmission).


Review of science and policy around face masks and COVID-19

Read the review of science and policy around the use of face masks, commissioned by the New Zealand Ministry of Health’s Chief Science Advisor

In this section

If you choose to wear a face mask – one you purchase or make yourself – you need to know how to use it safely. This includes how you put it on, what to do while wearing it, how to take it off and how to handle it safely after use to avoid the risk of infection. Read more


출처 : 뉴질랜드 보건부 공식 웹사이트 covid19.govt.nz

1 new case of COVID-19, 11 August

댓글 0 | 조회 1,570 | 2020.08.12
There is one new case of COVID-19 to report in managed isolation in New Zealand today.It has been 102 days since the last case of COVID-19 was acquire… 더보기

National releases 2020 Party List

댓글 0 | 조회 563 | 2020.08.08
National’s 2020 Party List is a strong mix of experience coming up through our Caucus, and new and exciting talent joining our team from communities a… 더보기

10 ways to say goodbye to plastics

댓글 0 | 조회 648 | 2020.08.08
Plastic Free July may have finished but there are always plenty of opportunities to take on the challenge of reducing our use of plastic.Being aware o… 더보기

Wellington builder sentenced for black market…

댓글 0 | 조회 442 | 2020.08.07
A Wellington builder has been sentenced for knowingly purchasing poached seafood valued at more than $23,000 on the black market.Hanhui Wu (35) appear… 더보기

Economic alarm bells ring

댓글 0 | 조회 376 | 2020.08.07
Recently released unemployment figures show that New Zealand is living on a form of economic morphine, that is insulating us against the full force of… 더보기

New skatepark opens in Glenfield

댓글 0 | 조회 545 | 2020.08.07
Continued investment by Kaipātiki Local Board has transformed Marlborough Park into one of Auckland’s most exciting youth destinations.This week, a bi… 더보기

Supermarket "specials" risk misleading shoppe…

댓글 0 | 조회 480 | 2020.08.05
Consumer NZ'slatest supermarket surveyfound products can be on "special" so often shoppers risk being misled about the savings they're getting.Consume… 더보기

How to plant smarter by planning your plantin…

댓글 0 | 조회 264 | 2020.08.04
Winter is the time to get planting new trees and shrubs around your backyard.There are a few helpful things to remember when you are planning what to … 더보기

Go with Tourism to launch industry expert web…

댓글 0 | 조회 343 | 2020.08.04
Go with Tourism, a government-funded initiative focused on building the tourism workforce, will this week launch a weekly web series – dubbed The Itin… 더보기

Building a resilient city

댓글 0 | 조회 300 | 2020.08.03
Running the length of Quay Street is a historic seawall that has retained and protected land reclaimed over 100 years ago to form downtown Auckland.In… 더보기

Much loved Spraggs Bush track reopens

댓글 0 | 조회 287 | 2020.07.31
The much-loved Spraggs Bush track in the Waitākere Ranges has reopened following work to upgrade the track in the fight against Kauri Dieback disease.… 더보기

Auckland experts changing the face of cyber s…

댓글 0 | 조회 272 | 2020.07.29
Some of the world’s leading cyber security experts will meet in Auckland next year to discuss advancement within the field as the risks of leaked data… 더보기

Save the Children urges businesses to take th…

댓글 0 | 조회 389 | 2020.07.28
Today’s guilty plea in the Auckland District Court by a convicted paedophile[1]shows just how important it is for all businesses working with and for … 더보기

Auckland Council economic initiative helps se…

댓글 0 | 조회 445 | 2020.07.26
An Auckland Council programme that supports Māori and Pasifika businesses has seen a 90 per cent increase in the value of the contracts it has helped … 더보기

Recall to manage Listeria risk – Product List

댓글 0 | 조회 488 | 2020.07.25
A range of cheese products are being recalled because of a potential risk of contamination with Listeria.Listeria is commonly found in the environment… 더보기

New public spaces in Auckland’s city centre c…

댓글 0 | 조회 351 | 2020.07.24
Auckland city centre’s revitalised public spaces will be ready to enjoy from this summer, despite the setbacks from COVID-19 on construction, Auckland… 더보기

Company fined $10,000 for selling 'pink' minc…

댓글 0 | 조회 647 | 2020.07.23
An Auckland company was sentenced in the ManukauDistrict Court today for adding sulphites to beef mince.Food manufacturer and wholesalers Machi, opera… 더보기

Funeral insurance overpriced and overhyped

댓글 0 | 조회 262 | 2020.07.23
Overpriced funeral insurance policies are leaving consumers thousands of dollars out of pocket, Consumer NZ says.Consumer NZ chief executive Jon Duffy… 더보기

Integrated fares launching for ferries

댓글 0 | 조회 269 | 2020.07.23
Ferry customers will soon have a simpler and more affordable journey across Auckland Transport's (AT) network.Starting Sunday 26 July 2020, ferry fare… 더보기

Old tyres cost illegal dumper $860 in court

댓글 0 | 조회 559 | 2020.07.21
A man who illegally dumped 12 tyres on a west Auckland roadside has been prosecuted and required to pay more than $800 in fines, clean-up fees and cou… 더보기

New Auckland Council Chief Executive appointe…

댓글 0 | 조회 494 | 2020.07.17
Jim Stabback to join council on 1 SeptemberMayor Phil Goff today announced the appointment of Auckland Council’s new chief executive, Jim Stabback.“I … 더보기

Auckland Council endorses Mayor Phil Goff’s E…

댓글 0 | 조회 416 | 2020.07.16
Auckland Council’s Finance and Performance Committee today voted to endorse Mayor Phil Goff’s proposal for the Emergency Budget 2020/2021, which respo… 더보기

Nikki Kaye to retire from politics at 2020 el…

댓글 0 | 조회 371 | 2020.07.16
Nikki Kaye, MP for Auckland Central, has today officially announced that she will retire from politics at the 2020 election.“Yesterday I advised the P… 더보기

Cash investors may have started to ‘bargain h…

댓글 0 | 조회 596 | 2020.07.15
On our quarterly index, which is based on agreed sales each quarter, national average house values recorded a fall in the COVID-affected Q2 periodas a… 더보기

Chatham Islands fisherman sentenced for pāua …

댓글 0 | 조회 539 | 2020.07.14
A Chatham Islands commercial fisherman has been sentenced to 9 months home detention and 200 hours community work over unreported shellfish he caught … 더보기

A shout-out from SUSO to schools: apply now

댓글 0 | 조회 246 | 2020.07.14
Auckland Council re-shapes Stand Up Stand Out and calls for 2020 entriesTime to Stand Up Stand Out.North, south, east, west and central: Auckland’s s… 더보기

Todd Muller resigns as Leader of the Oppositi…

댓글 0 | 조회 250 | 2020.07.14
I have taken time over the weekend to reflect on my experience over the last several weeks as Leader of the Opposition.It has become clear to me that … 더보기

Partnership to create 700 new jobs

댓글 0 | 조회 636 | 2020.07.10
700 new jobs on Auckland infrastructure and related environmental projects will be created over the next year, thanks to a $4.3 million dollar partner… 더보기

Have your say on your community’s future

댓글 0 | 조회 477 | 2020.07.08
Have your say on local board plansDo you use local parks and playgrounds, or sports facilities? Want better transport and town centres, have a passion… 더보기

Devonport’s new destination playground opened

댓글 0 | 조회 532 | 2020.07.07
A new destination playground has been completed and opened in time for the school holidays at Windsor Park, Devonport.At its centre is a 7.9-metre hig… 더보기

Libraries reach out to support kaumātua Māori

댓글 0 | 조회 290 | 2020.07.06
Kotahi te hā o ngā tipuna me ngā mokopunaThere is but only one breath shared between ancestors and their descendantDuring lockdown, a group of Māori s… 더보기

School holiday fun with Auckland Council

댓글 0 | 조회 528 | 2020.07.04
Get out and about these school holidays and enjoy some of the great things that Tāmaki Makarau has to offer.See all ourschool holiday event listings h… 더보기

New Kingsland-Mt Eden-Newmarket bus route lau…

댓글 0 | 조회 398 | 2020.07.03
Auckland Transport’s latest addition to the frequent bus network, the 64, launches on Sunday 5 July.The new route is designed to maintain public trans… 더보기

New round of rental e-scooter licences on hor…

댓글 0 | 조회 444 | 2020.07.02
Auckland Council is reviewing new applications for the next round of rental e-scooter licences. Successful companies will be able to start operating o… 더보기

Second language in schools passes first readi…

댓글 0 | 조회 714 | 2020.07.01
A Member's Bill that would give children the opportunity to learn a second language in primary and intermediate schools has passed its first reading i… 더보기

Pets get final okay for travel on trains

댓글 0 | 조회 332 | 2020.07.01
Pets will now be allowed to travel on Auckland's trains following two trials and a survey of train customers.Stacey van der Putten, Group Manager of M… 더보기

Matariki Festival – upcoming highlights

댓글 0 | 조회 509 | 2020.06.30
Kapa haka, the art of poi and a makers' market re-energise the cityeel the emotion of awe-inspiring kapa haka in the city centre this week, beforeanti… 더보기

Auckland Town Hall going green to honour park…

댓글 0 | 조회 499 | 2020.06.26
Auckland Town Hall will be bathed in green lightevery night until Tuesday 30 June to honour parks workers who have been part of the essential workforc… 더보기

No trains to and from Eden Park this weekend

댓글 0 | 조회 534 | 2020.06.25
Auckland Transport (AT) is reminding those attending the Investec Super Rugby Aotearoa game on Saturday night to plan ahead as the usual train service… 더보기

Matariki Festival - week one highlights

댓글 0 | 조회 679 | 2020.06.22
Auckland Council re-shapes Matariki Festival with virtual, pop-up and traditional elements for everyone.Prepare for a world of Matariki wonder from 2… 더보기

New Zealanders to brace for ACC levy increase…

댓글 0 | 조회 920 | 2020.06.21
At a time of unprecedented financial insecurity for New Zealand business owners and employees, the Government is preparing to add even more costs thro… 더보기

A year of good and affordable kai in Papatoet…

댓글 0 | 조회 422 | 2020.06.20
At the heart of Papatoetoe’s town centre is The Food Hub. The bustling, community-driven kitchen, cafe and meeting place is a place where locals can e… 더보기

Access for Everyone pilot to begin on Queen S…

댓글 0 | 조회 590 | 2020.06.18
The highly anticipated ‘Access for Everyone’ pilot for the Waihorotiu/Queen Street Valley will begin next month, signalling the start of pedestrian pr… 더보기

A new firearms system focused on safety

댓글 0 | 조회 548 | 2020.06.18
Tougher gun laws will begin to take effect from next week following the passage of new firearms legislation through Parliament today.The Minister of P… 더보기

Consumer NZ survey reveals best and worst pow…

댓글 0 | 조회 1,065 | 2020.06.17
Trustpower rated as the worst performer in Consumer NZ'slatest surveyof satisfaction with power companies.Consumer NZ chief executive Jon Duffy said i… 더보기

High Street wins award for innovation

댓글 0 | 조회 539 | 2020.06.17
The transformation of Auckland's High Street into a welcoming destination for pedestrians has been recognised in the national Golden Foot Walking Awar… 더보기

Step back in time with new self-guided walkin…

댓글 0 | 조회 480 | 2020.06.15
Available on the AKL City Tours appDownload the app todayTake a step back in time with Auckland’s two new self-guided walking tours which encourage pe… 더보기

A busy Sunday ahead on Auckland's roads and p…

댓글 0 | 조회 493 | 2020.06.14
Aucklanders should be ready for road closures, busy public transport and possible disruptions with two major events planned for this Sunday, 14 June. … 더보기

Auckland welcomes border exemptions for Ameri…

댓글 0 | 조회 582 | 2020.06.12
Auckland welcomes the news that the Government is granting border exemptions to two of the syndicates competing in the 36 America's Cup.The move paves… 더보기

Vote for the name of Auckland’s world-first e…

댓글 0 | 조회 553 | 2020.06.11
Ports of Auckland is getting the world’s first full-size electric ship-handling tug. This is a proud moment for Auckland and New Zealand in the fight … 더보기